Whether you are planning a home office or structuring office space for thousands of employees, the most important thing to think about is how to make sure it is possible for workers to be as productive as possible.
The space and environment people work in are very important for productivity. For example, some tasks are best carried out in an open office environment where ideas can be shared, and others are best done if a worker is able to get their head down and get on with it. Many jobs require a combination of both.
It is often a good idea to lay out office space so that there is a breakout area for idea sharing. This could be situated at one end of the office to cause the least distraction to those who need a quieter environment. Concentration can be aided by the use of screen partitions and even headphones.
For a home office it can be useful to have headphones for concentration but also a radio to offer some background noise where necessary too. Try not to use a television, as this is more distracting.
It stands to reason that an office needs the correct equipment in order to function productively. High-speed broadband and good computer and telephone are all going to be needed here.
It is also imperative that thought is given to furniture such as desks and chairs, as it is necessary to be comfortable in order to be productive. Chairs need to be at the right height and angle to avoid injury and tension. This is different for every person, so each chair should be adjustable for maximum comfort. This does not have to be a long, complicated process, as next day office furniture delivery is available. For example https://www.bestbuy-officechairs.co.uk/office-chairs/next-day-chairs/ will be a suitable site for your office furniture needs.
Office politics are a big part of working life. Unfortunately, people do not always get along with each other, and this can affect the productivity of the whole office. Consider who needs to sit near whom and the personalities of the workforce when planning seating arrangements, and this will lead to harmony in the office. Productivity will grow if everyone is happy and the environment is geared towards getting the best from the people who are using the space.